IIT-JAM Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Methods: Calculus of single and multiple variables, partial derivatives, Jacobian,
imperfect and perfect differentials, Taylor expansion, Fourier series. Vector algebra, Vector Calculus,
Multiple integrals, Divergence theorem, Green’s theorem, Stokes’ theorem. First order equations and
linear second order differential equations with constant coefficients. Matrices and determinants, Algebra
of complex numbers.
Mechanics and General Properties of Matter: Newton’s laws of motion and applications, Velocity and
acceleration in Cartesian, polar and cylindrical coordinate systems, uniformly rotating frame, centrifugal
and Coriolis forces, Motion under a central force, Kepler’s laws, Gravitational Law and field,
Conservative and non-conservative forces. System of particles, Center of mass, equation of motion of
the CM, conservation of linear and angular momentum, conservation of energy, variable mass systems.
Elastic and inelastic collisions. Rigid body motion, fixed axis rotations, rotation and translation, moments
of Inertia and products of Inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorem. Principal moments and axes.
Kinematics of moving fluids, equation of continuity, Euler’s equation, Bernoulli’s theorem.
Oscillations, Waves and Optics: Differential equation for simple harmonic oscillator and its general
solution. Superposition of two or more simple harmonic oscillators. Lissajous figures. Damped and
forced oscillators, resonance. Wave equation, traveling and standing waves in one-dimension. Energy
density and energy transmission in waves. Group velocity and phase velocity. Sound waves in media.
Doppler Effect. Fermat’s Principle. General theory of image formation. Thick lens, thin lens and lens
combinations. Interference of light, optical path retardation. Fraunhofer diffraction. Rayleigh criterion
and resolving power. Diffraction gratings. Polarization: linear, circular and elliptic polarization. Double
refraction and optical rotation.
Electricity and Magnetism: Coulomb’s law, Gauss’s law. Electric field and potential. Electrostatic
boundary conditions, Solution of Laplace’s equation for simple cases. Conductors, capacitors,
dielectrics, dielectric polarization, volume and surface charges, electrostatic energy. Biot-Savart law,
Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, Self and mutual inductance. Alternating
currents. Simple DC and AC circuits with R, L and C components. Displacement current, Maxwell’s
equations and plane electromagnetic waves, Poynting’s theorem, reflection and refraction at a dielectric
interface, transmission and reflection coefficients (normal incidence only). Lorentz Force and motion of
charged particles in electric and magnetic fields.
Kinetic Theory, Thermodynamics: Elements of Kinetic theory of gases. Velocity distribution and
Equipartition of energy. Specific heat of Mono-, di- and tri-atomic gases. Ideal gas, van-der-Waals gas
and equation of state. Mean free path. Laws of thermodynamics. Zeroth law and concept of thermal
equilibrium. First law and its consequences. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Reversible,
irreversible and quasi-static processes. Second law and entropy. Carnot cycle. Maxwell’s
thermodynamic relations and simple applications. Thermodynamic potentials and their applications.
Phase transitions and Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Ideas of ensembles, Maxwell-Boltzmann, FermiDirac and Bose-Einstein distributions.
Modern Physics: Inertial frames and Galilean invariance. Postulates of special relativity. Lorentz
transformations. Length contraction, time dilation. Relativistic velocity addition theorem, mass energy
equivalence. Blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, Bohr’s atomic model, X-rays.
Wave-particle duality, Uncertainty principle, the superposition principle, calculation of expectation
values, Schrödinger equation and its solution for one, two and three dimensional boxes. Solution of
Schrödinger equation for the one dimensional harmonic oscillator. Reflection and transmission at a step
potential, Pauli exclusion principle. Structure of atomic nucleus, mass and binding energy. Radioactivity
and its applications. Laws of radioactive decay.
Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics: Crystal structure, Bravais lattices and basis. Miller indices.
X-ray diffraction and Bragg’s law; Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, variation of resistivity with
temperature. Fermi level. p-n junction diode, I-V characteristics, Zener diode and its applications, BJT:
characteristics in CB, CE, CC modes. Single stage amplifier, two stage R-C coupled amplifiers. Simple
Oscillators: Barkhausen condition, sinusoidal oscillators. OPAMP and applications: Inverting and noninverting amplifier. Boolean algebra: Binary number systems; conversion from one system to another system;
binary addition and subtraction. Logic Gates AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR exclusive OR; Truth tables;
combination of gates; de Morgan’s theorem